Coastal CRC Technical Reports

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Modelling scenarios for South East Queensland regional water quality management strategy. Technical Report No. 2
The receiving water quality model project was initiated by the South East Queensland regional water quality management strategy (SEQRWQMS) to de- termine strategies for managing and remediating water quality in the Moreton Bay system. A primary component of the project involves the development and ap- plication of mathematical models relating the sources of pollutants to their con- centration in water and sediment. Download report ( PDF file 14.6MB)

Environmental planning project - Development of a framework for the integration of catchment, waterway and coastal science into planning. Technical Report No. 4
The EP Project recommends a framework and processes, to regional stakeholders, for establishing partnerships to develop adaptive approaches to environmental planning, informed by best-available science, and implementing management actions.

Central Queensland healthy waterways survey. Technical Report No. 5
This publication summaries the results of a survey of residents in the Lower Fitzroy and Port Curtis catchments to investigate key waterway values and management priorities; perceptions of water quality and change in water quality; use of information sources regarding waterways; and attitudes towards a range of other water-related issues. Download publication ( PDF file 680KB)

Hydrodynamic modelling of the Port Curtis region. Technical Report No. 7
A computer ocean model was developed for the Port Curtis Estuary to examine the oceanographic characteristics of the region. Download publication ( PDF file 2.75MB)


Conceptual models of the hydrodynamics, fine sediment dynamics, biogeochemistry and primary production in the Fitzroy Estuary. Technical Report No. 8
This report describes conceptual models of the hydrodynamics, fine-sediment dynamics, biogeochemistry, and primary production of the Fitzroy Estuary. Download publication ( PDF file1.27MB)

Numerical modelling of hydrodynamics, sediment transport and biogeochemistry in the Fitzroy Estuary. Technical Report No. 9
This report describes the development of numerical models for the Fitzroy estuary as a first step towards quantifying impacts and linkages within the estuary. Download publication ( PDF file, 658KB)


Statistical analysis of the water quality of the Fitzroy River estuary. Recommendations for improving current monitoring practices. Technical Report No. 10
Recommendations are provided on how the ambient monitoring of water quality below the barrage should proceed in light of statistical analyses of current monitoring. Download publication ( PDF file, 359KB)

Intertidal crabs as potential biomonitors in Port Curtis. Technical Report No. 12
The fiddler crab (Uca coarctata) was assessed for its biomonitoring suitability in Port Curtis. Fiddler crabs have a sedentary lifestyle and their feeding and burrowing activities expose them to water, dietary and sediment-derived contaminants. They are therefore potentially, a useful biomonitoring tool for assessing site-specific differences in contaminants, including metals. Read more in this Technical report Technical Report ( PDF file 567KB)

Identification of sediment sources in the Fitzroy river basin and estuary, Queensland, Australia. Technical Report No 13
To lower loads of sediments and nutrients reaching the coast from the Fitzroy River Basin, an understanding of the sources of these sediments is essential. This research has provided important regional scale information on the sources of sediments entering the Fitzroy River Estuary and together with sediment modelling tools will help to inform cost-effective investments in reduction of sediment loads to the Great Barrier Reef. Download report. ( PDF file 337KB)

Carbon and nutrient cycling in a subtropical estuary (the Fitzroy), Central Queensland. Technical Report No 14
This report brings together the concerns and questions of stakeholders regarding the possible changes in the ecological functioning of the Fitzroy estuary, with an understanding of the principal biological processes such as primary production which determines the amount and form of energy available to support the recreational and commercial fisheries. Download report ( PDF file 743KB)

Stable isotopes of nitrogen as potential indicators of nitrogen contamination in Port Curtis - a pilot study. Technical Report 15
The objectives of this pilot study were to examine the applicability of δ15N assessment as a monitoring tool in Port Curtis, to identify likely candidate plant species that could be used as sentinels and consider the approach to further work. Download report ( PDF file 161KB)


Imposex in the city: A survey to monitor the effects of TBT contamination in Port Curtis, Queensland. Technical Report No. 16
An imposex survey of the gastropod Morula marginalba (mulberry whelk) in Port Curtis was conducted as a bioindicator of tributyltin (TBT) contamination. Imposex is the imposition of male sexual characteristics (notably a penis) on female marine snails and occurs due to exposure to TBT. Download report ( PDF file 422KB)

Toward a collaborative model of industry / community relationships in environmental management. Technical Report 17
The research aims to investigate the application of a Swiss participatory model, or more precisely, an appropriately revised version of it, to the industrial developments in the Gladstone area, Central Queensland. Download report ( PDF file 390KB)


A conceptual framework for selecting and testing potential social and community health indicators linked to changes in coastal resource management or condition: a discussion paper. Technical Report 18
This discussion paper articulates a conceptual framework within which indicator selection and testing may be framed. It does not seek to identify or propose a definitive set of indicators. Download report ( PDF file 510KB)

Bridges and barriers to collaborative natural resource management in South East Queensland. Technical Report 19
An evaluation of collaboration processes and outcomes in case studies including initial identification of barriers, bridges and solutions to collaboration involving knowledge seeking and use in Natural Resource Management groups in South East Queensland. Download report ( PDF file 618KB)

Decision frameworks: Assessment of the social aspects of decision frameworks and development of a conceptual model. Technical Report 20
Decision frameworks offer a means of facilitating coastal zone decision-making through the integration of ecological, social, economic, cultural and legal aspects. The purpose of this discussion paper was to identify from the decision tool literature the major ways in which social data and questions have been incorporated within decision tools, and how decision frameworks accommodate and support participatory involvement in decisionmaking. Download report ( PDF file 299KB)

Response of salt marsh to anthropogenic disturbance: Effects of removal of surface vegetation on structure and function. Technical Report 21
A manipulative experiment was conducted in southern Moreton Bay, Queensland, to investigate the response of Sporobolus virginicus salt marshes to disturbance in the form of removal of surface vegetation. Download report ( PDF file 503KB)

An integrated remote sensing approach for adaptive management of complex coastal waters: The Moreton bay case study. Technical Report 23
This document presents results from four years of inter-disciplinary work by research teams from the University of Queensland (UQ) and CSIRO to establish remotely-sensed methods for mapping and monitoring parameters of coastal environments that may be used to monitor their condition or health. For the context of this report "coastal environments" include mangrove wetlands, inter-tidal and sub-tidal sections of a coastal embayment . Download report ( PDF file 5.17MB)

Indigenous coastal and waterways resource management: Current reflections and future directions. Technical Report 24
Consultation with Traditional Owners and people from Aboriginal organisations was conducted in the Fitzroy and Port Curtis Catchments of Central Queensland during August 2002. The purpose of the study was to assist in the integration of Indigenous knowledge into all future projects in the CRC. Discussions were focused around: Indigenous coastal resource issues; current Indigenous resource management initiatives; future research projects and questions; Indigenous capacity building needs and training; and processes/protocols to advance collaboration between Indigenous communities and researchers. This report attempts, as far as possible, to accurately reflect the views and concerns of those consulted. Download report ( PDF file 1.09MB)

Contaminants in Port Curtis: screening level risk assessment. Technical Report 25.
This report comprises a human and ecological screening level risk assessment focussed on key contaminants in the Port Curtis estuary. A risk assessment framework was used in order to objectively identify key contaminants of concern and to allow prioritisation of contaminant issues both in terms of environmental management and future research needs. Download the full report ( PDF file 15.63MB) or the four page summary sheet ( PDF file 75KB)

Stakeholder analysis of coastal zone and waterway stakeholders in the Port Curtis and Fitzroy catchments of Central Queensland. S. Lockie and S. Rockloff. Technical Report 26.
This project used stakeholder analysis to investigate the values, interests, attitudes and aspirations of those involved in, or affected by, decisionmaking in the Port Curtis and Fitzroy catchments. It was based on the premise that the resolution of environmental conflict is difficult in the absence of good understanding among stakeholders of who else is involved in, or affected by, their own actions and decisions. Understanding the basis for such social conflict, and cohesion, is essential in progressing cooperative catchment-wide decision-making. Download the full report ( PDF file 588KB) or the four page summary sheet ( PDF file 35KB)

A bibliography of acoustic seabed classification. Technical Report 27.
This bibliography lists references to papers, reports, abstracts and proceedings dealing with seabed classification or habitat mapping using acoustic techniques. Classification of seabed type may be made by using conventional single beam echosounders, or by technically more complex swathe sidescan and multibeam sonars. The systems process acoustic echoes from the seabed stimulated by sonar pings to produces estimates of seabed type and bottom backscatter. A few references are included for parametric systems and sub-bottom profilers. Papers deal with all facets of seabed acoustics, including theory and techniques, but the bulk of the references report empirical calibration and mapping results. Download report. ( PDF file 1.11MB)

Port Curtis and Fitzroy River estuary remote sensing tasks. Technical Report 28
This report presents results from inter-disciplinary work over a period of four years by research teams from the University of Queensland and CSIRO to establish remotely-sensed methods for mapping and monitoring variables of coastal environments that may be used to monitor their condition or health. For the context of this report coastal environments include mangrove wetlands, inter-tidal and sub-tidal sections of a coastal embayment. Download the full report ( PDF file 6.74MB) or the four page summary ( PDF file 72KB).

Natural resource decision-making and the world wide web. Technical Report 29.
How do Australian coastal natural resource managers access the science they need to make NRM decisions? Do they use the world wide web - a resource that puts a great deal of relevant information and knowledge close at hand on their desktops? If not, what stops them from accessing information on the web and what would make a web-based information source more attractive to its potential users? If such an attractive source existed, how would its potential users find it? Download report ( PDF file 829KB).

Metal bioaccumulation through food web pathways in Port Curtis. Technical Report 31.
Port Curtis is an international trades port supporting major local industries as well as a large commercial and recreational fishing industry. Previous studies in the harbour (CRC Coastal Zone, 2005), have determined that despite relatively low metal concentrations in the water column there appears to be some accumulations of some metals in the marine organisms that inhabit the harbour. Aquatic animals can absorb metals through exposure in sediments and the water column but also via their diet, through metals accumulated in their food source. This route of exposure was investigated in this study. Download report. ( PDF file 1.27MB)

Nutrient dynamics and pelagic primary production in coastal creeks delivering into Keppel Bay. Technical Report 32.
This report describes the investigations into the coastal creek system conducted within the Fitzroy agricultural contaminants project. Before this work started there had been only a limited data acquisition on the water quality parameters in several of the coastal creeks carried out by the Queensland Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). These data are a valuable augmentation to the data collected under Coastal CRC auspices. We briefly outline the consolidated dataset, draw qualitative conclusions from it, and develop a conceptual model reflecting the interacting processes. These analyses are then the starting point for the development of a quantitative characterisation of the role of the coastal creeks in the biogeochemistry of Keppel Bay. Download report. ( PDF file 906KB)

Keppel Bay: physical processes and biogeochemical engineering. Technical Report 34
In recent years there has been concern that catchment-derived nutrients and sediments discharged by rivers into the lagoon of the Great Barrier Reef are having a deleterious impact on near-shore reef ecosystems. On average, the Fitzroy River delivers the second largest quantity of these materials to the lagoon after the Burdekin River. The Fitzroy Agricultural Contaminants Project (AC), which is a Coastal CRC project, included amongst its aims the development of an understanding of the fate and impact of these agricultural contaminants (nutrients and sediments) within the Fitzroy Estuary-Keppel Bay system. Download report. ( PDF file 2.58MB)

Fitzroy river: Intertidal mudflat biogeochemistry. Technical Report 35.
The aim of this study was to investigate mud flat productivity and to try and understand the factors which might control it and its possible relationship with the high and low flow cycles of the estuary. Download report. ( PDF file 690KB)


Pesticide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and metal contamination in the Fitzroy Estuary, Queensland, Australia. Technical Report 37.
The Coastal CRC initiated a monitoring program in 2001 to quantify the concentration and loads of pesticides delivered to the Fitzroy Estuary (FE) from the Fitzroy River catchment. This monitoring has been extended during 2003-06 to include analysis for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and metals in fine sediments and core samples from the FE and Keppel Bay. This work adds to the very limited studies on PAH and metal contaminants particularly in benthic sediments from the Fitzroy Estuary. Download report. ( PDF file 1.31MB)

Numerical hydrodynamic modelling of the Fitzroy Estuary. Technical Report 38.
A numerical hydrodynamic model was developed for the Fitzroy Estuary/Keppel Bay region in order to investigate the circulation, flushing and connectivity of the region. The model also served as the driver for biogeochemical and sediment transport models which were coupled to the hydrodynamic model. The model was forced with measured meteorological fields at the sea surface (wind, pressure and temperature), river discharge at the barrage and sea surface elevation, temperature and salinity at the offshore boundary. The offshore boundary forcing was obtained using a nesting strategy involving a larger-scale regional model. Download report. ( PDF file 8.05MB)

Modelling of fine-sediment transport in the Fitzroy Estuary and Keppel Bay. . Technical Report 39.
To provide a better understanding of the sediment dynamics in the Fitzroy Estuary, a coupled, one-dimensional (1-D), vertically and laterally averaged model of hydrodynamics and sediment transport was developed and applied to the main channel of the estuary during the first phase of the Coastal CRC (Margvelashvili et al., 2003). The work highlighted a strong coupling between the Fitzroy Estuary and Keppel Bay and revealed the complex dynamics of sediments associated with flocculation and an upstream tidal pumping of sediments. However the 1-D model constraints precluded accurate assessment of sediment delivery to the ocean. In phase 2 of the Coastal CRC, these limitations were eliminated by using 3-D fine-resolution hydrodynamic and sediment transport models and extending the modelling domain into Keppel Bay. The modelling objectives were to provide a better understanding of the sediment transport in a coupled estuaryŻbay system and to assess sediment loads to the ocean by developing a calibrated 3-D fineresolution model and running 'what if' scenarios that would assist regional planning. The scenarios involved modelling of the sediment transport under low, moderate, and high river flow regimes with sediment loads from catchments also altered by varying land use practices. Download report. ( PDF file 1.37MB)

Biogeochemical modelling and nitrogen budgets for the Fitzroy Estuary and Keppel Bay. Technical Report 40.
This report describes the implementation of a biogeochemical model of the Fitzroy Estuary and Keppel Bay and the results of the model when applied to three scenarios: a high flow year, a median flow year and a low flow year. The model simulates transport and transformations of nitrogen, phosphorus and organic material in the estuary, as well as primary production by phytoplankton and microphytobenthos (benthic microalgae). Download report. ( PDF file 1.61MB)

Scenario modelling: Simulating the downstream effects of changes in catchment land use. Technical Report 41
This study reports on the application of a model of the hydrodynamics, sediment dynamics, nutrient processes and primary production in Fitzroy Estuary and Keppel Bay to examine the effects of three land-use scenarios, corresponding to current land use (vegetation cover = 55%), an increase in vegetation cover to 70%, and a decrease in vegetation cover to 30%. Download report ( PDF file 2.64MB)

The Fitzroy Contaminants Project - A study of the nutrient and fine-sediment dynamics of the Fitzroy Estuary and Keppel Bay. Technical Report 42
The Fitzroy catchment is the largest Queensland catchment discharging to the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) lagoon. Sediments and nutrients together with anthropogenic pollutants originating upstream in the catchment are discharged from the Fitzroy River via the Fitzroy Estuary (FE) and ultimately into Keppel Bay (KB). The estuary and the bay act as natural chemical reactors where the materials delivered undergo chemical and physical transformations before some are deposited and stored in the growing deltaic and beach areas, with the remainder transported eastward to the southern zone of the GBR lagoon. Download report ( PDF file 1.72MB)

Intertidal wetlands of Port Curtis: ecological patterns and processes, and their implications. Technical Report 43
Port Curtis (the Port) is an outstanding natural harbour in and adjacent to the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. The Port is heavily industrialised around the city of Gladstone along the western shoreline, but elsewhere retains large tracts of natural intertidal wetlands. The overall objective of the Intertidal Wetlands study was to describe ecological patterns and processes and determine the importance of different intertidal wetland habitats in Port Curtis. Considerable effort also went into developing an illustrative conceptual understanding of processes and threats in the area. Download report ( PDF file 1.89MB)

Regional community-based planning: the challenge of participatory environmental governence. Technical Report 44
This paper focuses on a collaborative regional natural resource management (NRM) group in South East Queensland, Australia∆s fastest growing region. The membership of this recentlyconvened Regional Body includes local government delegates, representatives of urban and rural industry, community and conservation organisations. A three-year study will track the development of the Regional Body, focusing particularly on the way it enables on-ground NRM and environmental groups to develop and implement a regional environmental management plan to address major natural resource management issues and pressures. Download report ( PDF file 99KB)

Literature review: regional natural resource governance, collaboration and partnerships. Technical Report 45
This literature review focuses on (i) natural resource management (NRM) and endeavours by humans to manage the land, water and biodiversity of the ecosystems in which we live in a sustainable way; (ii) citizen participation in NRM; and (iii) NRM and social groups and how such groups may work as collaborations or partnerships, and act as incubators for new, smaller NRM collaborations and partnerships. Download report ( PDF file 331KB)

Geomorphology and sediments of the Fitzroy River coastal sedimentary system Ż Summary and overview. Technical Report 47
This report provides an overview of the geomorphic and sedimentary characteristics of the Fitzroy River and Keppel Bay, which comprise one of the largest modern coastal sedimentary systems in Australia. Our results provide new insights into the character and rate of evolution of the Fitzroy River estuary and Keppel Bay, from the Late Pleistocene to historical times. We reveal how riverine and shallow-marine processes that occurred thousands of years ago affect the present day structure of the coast and continental shelf. Importantly, we also identify rates of sediment accumulation for the last several thousand years, and the last hundred years. We compare these empirical data with estimates of the current sediment load of the Fitzroy River to formulate a preliminary sediment budget for the Fitzroy coast. Download report ( PDF file 602KB)

Sediment accumulation and holocene evolution of the Fitzroy River lower floodplain, central Queensland, Australia. Technical Report 48
We examined a suite of sediment cores from across the Fitzroy River floodplain, below Rockhampton, to determine the evolution of the estuary and the record of sediment accumulation over the last 8000 years. Three different depositional environments were targeted during this study; the floodplain, the tidal creeks and the freshwater lagoons. Download report ( PDF file 2.11MB)

Geomorphology and sediment transport in Keppel Bay, central Queensland, Australia. Technical Report 49
Keppel Bay is a macrotidal environment that represents the interface of the large catchment of the Fitzroy River with the southern GBR continental shelf. In this study, we assessed the distribution of sediments and their depositional characteristics using a combination of sediment sampling, and acoustic (sonar) seabed mapping tools. Using statistical techniques, we classified the seabed sediments of Keppel Bay into five distinct classes, based on sediment grainsize, chemical composition, and modelled seabed hear stress (the influence of waves and tidal currents). Download report ( PDF file 802KB)

Holocene evolution and modern sediment accumulation on a tropical macro-tidal coast - Keppel Bay, central Queensland, Australia. Technical Report 50
Our investigation of the stratigraphy and modern sediment accumulation in Keppel Bay is part of a major study to better understand the sources, sinks and pathways of nutrients and sediment in the Fitzroy River estuary and adjacent Keppel Bay, which is part of the GBRMP. The objective of the project is to better understand this coastal sedimentary system, predict how reductions in sediment and nutrient runoff from the catchment may reduce pressures on coastal ecosystems and thereby better-inform the management of catchment land use. Download report ( PDF file 1.52MB)

A 1500 year record of coastal sediment accumulation preserved in beach deposits at Keppel Bay, Queensland, Australia. Technical Report 51
In this study of the beach-ridge plain at Keppel Bay, on the central coast of Queensland, we examine ridge morphology, sediment texture and geochemistry. We build a detailed chronology for the ridge succession using the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating method. Although our interpretations are preliminary, our results suggest that significant changes have occurred in the rate of shoreline accumulation of sediment, catchment sediment source areas, and that there have been minor falls in relative sea level. Download report ( PDF file 653KB)

Impact of urbanisation on coastal wetlands: a case study of Coombabah Lake, South-east Queensland. Technical Report 54
This study investigates the impact of urbanisation on coastal wetlands through a detailed case study of Coombabah Lake in southeast Queensland. The current study characterises the present condition of Coombabah Lake in terms of water exchange, circulation, sediment and pollutant resuspension and accumulation. It also assesses the impact of local urban runoff on ecosystem structure and function. Download report ( PDF file 2.01MB)

The place, limits and practice of collaboration: lessons from case studies in community participation in natural resource management. Technical Report 56
This report investigates the barriers and bridges to the success of the relationships between grassroots 'carer' and conservation groups and the regional body involved in NRM regionalisation in two case study areas in southeast Queensland. It looks at ways to overcome the barriers and build on the bridges to enhance collaborative NRM in regional settings. Download report ( PDF file 410KB)

Managing riparian lands to improve water quality: optimising nitrate removal via denitrification. Technical Report 57
This paper presents information on sub-surface riparian processes associated with the transport and removal of nitrate (a readily bio-available form of nitrogen), based on results from research in Australian catchments over the past six years. Guidelines are proposed for managing riparian lands to optimise nitrate removal by denitrification, a microbial process by which nitrate is converted to gaseous forms and thus released to the atmosphere. Download report ( PDF file 2.06MB)

Noosa River entrance channel dynamics. Technical Report 61
This report attempts to develop a conceptual model of inlet response to the addition of nourishment material. In addition, it discusses the likely implications of the proposed new dredging scheme based on historical observations of the response to developments and extreme weather patterns in the region and a trial dredge of the śactive∆ zone performed in late 2001/early 2002. Download report ( PDF file 1.87MB)

The evolution of jumpinpin inlet. Technical Report 62
This coastal engineering investigation shows that shoreline changes at Jumpinpin are cyclical, resulting from natural coastal processes and not engineered changes at the seaway some fifteen kilometres updrift. A review of existing information and analysis of aerial photographs over a 100 year period has revealed two dominant coastal processes. In the period 1898 to 1936 the inlet was influenced by the process of inlet migration and spit breaching. Two cycles were completed. After 1936 Jumpinpin began to behave in a unique and unexpected manner whereby the inlet comprised two channels in dynamic equilibrium. The northern channel is relatively stable and remains open while a second smaller channel is periodically breached approximately two kilometres updrift. This southern channel breaches as a response to storm and flood activity and is sealed by littoral drift within non-flood years. The presence of the southern channel plus composition of the downdrift bank (Kalinga Banks) has retarded migration of the northern channel and prevented its closure. Download report ( PDF file 1.5MB)

Australia∆s near-pristine estuaries: Current knowledge and management. Technical Report 63
The purpose of this investigation was to collate previously disparate information on near-pristine estuaries and make it widely available for use by managers, researchers, policy makers and the general public. This information was acquired through scientific articles, reports, conference proceedings, government agencies, grey literature, websites, expert advice and anecdotal observation and was summarised both on a state-by-state basis and at the national level, with emphasis on current knowledge and management. Download report ( PDF file 1.75MB)

Improving our knowledge of Australia's near-pristine estuaries. Technical Report 64
The central aim of the Comparative Geomorphology of Estuaries Project of the Coastal CRC was to improve our understanding of Australia's near-pristine estuaries. As the title implies, the project had a geomorphic focus in that a major output was mapping of geomorphic habitats of a representative selection of nearpristine estuaries from around Australia. Download report ( PDF file 3.65MB)

Major achievements of the comparative geomorphology of estuaries project. Technical Report 65
Australia's near-pristine estuaries are some of our most valuable natural assets, with many natural and cultural heritage values. They are important as undisturbed habitat for native plants and animals, for biodiversity conservation, as Indigenous lands and for tourism. They also support near-shore fisheries. In addition, by studying near-pristine estuaries, scientists can learn more about the way humans have changed natural systems. This information then feeds into natural resource management because it constitutes benchmark or baseline information against which similar information from more modified estuaries can be compared. Download report ( PDF file 594KB)

An initial assessment of estuarine geomorphic habitats as indicators of coastal waterway health. Technical Report 66
An important aim of the comparative geomorphology of estuaries project was to increase understanding of the environmental characteristics of near-pristine estuaries and provide a reference dataset for quantifying changes in habitat patterns in modified systems. It was anticipated that this aim would be fulfilled by identifying key geomorphic characteristics of the near-pristine systems that may be used to benchmark the current condition of, and quantify change within, 'modified' waterways. Here we provide examples of some very promising results obtained from our preliminary analyses of the geomorphic habitat area information contained within the GIS maps available on OzEstuaries. Download report ( PDF file 502KB)

A common framework for property-level planning and management systems. Technical Report 67
The report details the need and rationale for a common framework. The philosophy of the framework is outlined. The relationship of farm business activities to sustainable outcomes and recommended practices is used as the core element for planning and management. The report also outlines the application of the framework and its implementation, including options to flexibly access the framework and compare the capabilities of the various tools and approaches on offer. Difficulties in application are discussed and thirteen recommendations are given to enhance the implementation of property-level planning and management systems. Download report ( PDF file 969KB)

Integrated estuary assessment framework. Technical Report 69
The main aim of this work was to develop an integrated reporting framework for estuary and coastal systems that could be used to derive management actions and priorities. Specifically, the framework was to assess and report on the risk to and the condition of estuarine systems and to combine this with information on the values of systems to derive management priorities. Download report ( PDF file 575KB)

Antioxidant enzymes as biomarkers of environmental stress in oysters in Port Curtis. Technical Report 70
The estuarine embayment of Port Curtis is Queensland's largest multi-cargo port and the fifth largest port in Australia. It supports major industries in the Gladstone area including the world.s largest alumina refinery and Australia.s largest aluminium smelter. Because the estuary is one of the Coastal CRC.s three key study areas, research by the CRC contaminants team focused firstly on identifying contaminants of concern in a screening-level risk assessment. Although enrichment of some metals in marine organisms was recorded, subsequent projects focused on assessment of organism health to determine if environmental harm had occurred. There was a need to demonstrate a relationship between exposure to a contaminant and an adverse ecological effect. Download report ( PDF file 971KB)

Nutrient dynamics and sediment budgets in the Fitzroy estuary during a flood event. Tecnical Report 72
Changes in nutrient and sediment concentrations along the Fitzroy estuary were investigated during the passage of a flood event in February 2005. The flood event was relatively small and was the last member of a group of three minor floods ending a protracted dry period. The flood came mainly from the Connor catchment with a smaller component from the Comet. The total event volume was equal to the estuary volume, but due to the vigorous tidal mixing in the lower estuary, only the upper part of the estuary remained filled with fresh water for the duration of the investigations. Download report ( PDF file 1.14MB)

Contaminant pathways in Port Curtis. Technical Report 73
The Port Curtis Estuary has a well-developed and expanding industry within its catchment. It is also one of Australia's leading ports and is located adjacent to the World Heritage-listed Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. As a consequence of increasing population and industrial activities, the Port Curtis Estuary is expected to receive increasing quantities of contaminant inputs from diffuse sources (e.g. urban runoff) and point source discharges (e.g. industrial effluents). The Contaminant Pathways study has produced the first accurate data on dissolved trace metal concentrations in the coastal waters of Central Queensland and in close proximity to the Great Barrier Reef. Download report ( PDF file 3.08MB)

Chlorophyll and suspended sediment assessment in a macrotidal tropical estuary adjacent to the Great Barrier Reef: spatial and temporal assessment using remote sensing. Technical Report 74
This report presents the results of the Coastal CRC remote sensing project in the Fitzroy River estuary and Keppel Bay carried out in 2004-2006, focussing on daily satellite images (collected by the moderate resolution imaging spectrometer, MODIS). Two years (2003-2004) of daily MODIS satellite data were processed to determine total suspended matter, chlorophyll and dissolved organic matter using unique regional algorithms. These satellite-based map products were then compared with the Fitzroy Estuary-Keppel Bay biogeochemical model outputs of total suspended matter and chlorophyll in order to initiate the process of data-assimilation of remote sensing information and modelling work for the Fitzroy estuary. The aim of this data-assimilation work will be to provide the managers of the Fitzroy system with accurate information as well as a predictive capacity for assessing and managing the environmental state of the estuary as an effect of management actions in the catchment and the river. Download report ( PDF file 1.39MB)

Decision support for modelling and monitoring assessments of coastal water impacts. Technical Report 75
This report presents information to support environmental impact assessment (EIA) required for development approvals in coastal areas. The report covers the technical aspects of assessments that typically include a combination of computer modelling and field monitoring, rather than the EIA process itself. Experiments in the field or the laboratory are also considered as part of the assessment options. Government regulators involved in an EIA process are the primary audience of the document. The report therefore focusses on supporting the tasks of (i) choosing suitable assessment methods and approaches and (ii) reviewing existing assessments, as these are the stages (as compared to the application stage) where regulators are often involved. Download report ( PDF file 741KB), Download report addenda ( PDF file 3.93MB)

Remote sensing for coastal ecosystem indicators assessment and monitoring. Maps, techniques and error assessment for seagrass benthic habitat in Moreton Bay. Technical Report 76
The purpose of this project was to develop, implement and validate approaches for mapping benthic habitats in Moreton Bay using commercially available remote sensing information and field survey. Due to the focus of monitoring and management programs in the Bay on seagrass properties, notably seagrass density and species composition, the project was confined to mapping this benthic habitat. In the process of deriving maps of seagrass properties, other benthic substrates (e.g. coral and algae) were mapped but not included in the final products. The techniques and data we used were confined to the shallow and clear areas of the Bay, which were also the areas where seagrass was commonly found. Download report ( PDF file 8.81MB)

Enhancing the role of local government in cooperative regional natural resource management. Technical Report 78
The relatively recent establishment of a regional community-based framework for natural resource management (NRM) planning and program delivery throughout Australia provides both challenges and opportunities for achieving sustainable outcomes for NRM at regional and local levels. Local governments potentially have a leadership role in implementing NRM arrangements; however, there are a number of barriers that need to be overcome before this can occur. This document outlines some of these barriers identified by both regional bodies and local government and suggests strategies and mechanisms for overcoming them. Download report ( PDF file 402KB)

Capitalising on opportunities: incorporating natural resource management into local government planning. Technical Report 79
The establishment of a regional community-based framework for natural resource management (NRM) planning and program delivery throughout Australia provides both challenges and opportunities for achieving sustainable outcomes for NRM at regional and local levels. These emerging initiatives have the potential to move existing state and local agencies to a higher order of regional community engagement. However, the initiatives will have to evolve within the existing statutory and institutional frameworks for environmental and natural resource planning and management. This suggests a different and evolving role for local government within the new regional arrangements. It also suggests that there are key links between NRM and existing planning processes and practices that must be addressed. Download report ( PDF file 1.38MB)

Securing the foundations: towards improved local government NRM engagement. Technical Report 80
The establishment of a regional community-based framework for natural resource management (NRM) planning and program delivery throughout Australia provides both challenges and opportunities for achieving sustainable outcomes for NRM at regional and local levels. The three case study partners (CSPs) for this research project were some of the first regional natural resource management (NRM) bodies to have their regional NRM plans accredited. Hence, at the commencement of this research project at the beginning of 2005, all three regional bodies had begun the implementation of their respective NRM regional plans. Each of the regional NRM plans had assigned a range of specific NRM responsibilities to local government, both as lead and support agents for this implementation. This report examines the implementation aspects of regional NRM plans, particularly as they apply to local government as a partner in this collaborative process. Download report ( PDF file 390KB)

Enabling adaptive management for regional natural resource management. Technical Report 81
Adaptive management is a concept and process that has been widely promoted for many years as a way for managing complex issues. More recently the Australian Government has promoted adaptive management as part of the programs for achieving regional natural resource management (NRM). It is surprising that, despite its simple logic and wide acceptance as the way forward, the effective application of adaptive management principles and practices in NRM regions proves challenging and elusive. One reason may be the disconnect between the capacity of current political and funding mechanisms and the complex and changing needs of natural and human systems in the wide variety of Australian catchments. Another reason may be limited experience and capacities for achieving coordinated outcomes from the multistakeholder processes required for democratic NRM governance. Download report ( PDF file 514KB)

Integrated indicator framework for monitoring and reporting on biophysical health and social wellbeing in the coastal zone. Technical Report 82
Indicators are used to monitor and report, in a timely and cost-effective manner, on those aspects of a system that provide the most reliable insight into its overall wellbeing. Using indicators to monitor the effects of resource-use activities on environmental and social health is critical to effective, adaptive and sustainable natural resource management. This report presents an integrated indicator framework and related social indicators developed through research by the Cooperative Research Centre for Coastal Zone, Estuary and Waterway Management (Coastal CRC). Download report ( PDF file 854KB)

Metal and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contaminants in benthic sediments of Port Curtis. Technical Report 83
In this study, benthic sediments and sediment cores from Port Curtis were analysed for 10 metals and 17 PAHs. The concentrations were compared to the ANZECC (2000) interim sediment quality guidelines. The study confirmed that intertidal (mangrove) sediments tended to collect fine sediments, which contained higher levels of metals and PAHs than did estuarine sediments. Download report ( PDF file 731KB)

Practical guide to acoustic techniques for benthic habitat classification. Technical Report 84
As a short, practical guide to the use of acoustic techniques for assessing benthic habitats, this document does not delve into technical issues related to theory or data interpretation and manipulation. This report is aimed at providing potential users of acoustic assessment techniques with information on the applicability, potential costs, possible products, conduct and limitations of the various methods available. Download report ( PDF file 955KB)

Epibenthic scattering project: design of field operation gear and project summary. Technical Report 85
The aim of this project was to develop innovative acoustic techniques as tools for seafloor habitat mapping. To achieve this aim it was recognised that a thorough understanding of the acoustic backscatter process from epibenthos was required and this project (ESP Ż Epibenthic Scattering Project) focused on obtaining this understanding. Download report ( PDF file 1.27MB)

Overview of coastal water habitat mapping research for the Coastal CRC. Technical Report 86
This technical report summarises results of research conducted within the Coastal Water Habitat Mapping (CWHM) project of the Cooperative Research Centre for Coastal Zone, Estuary and Waterway Management. This research aimed to develop acoustic techniques for the discrimination and mapping of seafloor habitats in coastal zones using the acoustic (echo sounder) and groundtruthing (video observations and grab/core samples of sediments) data collected in a number of areas on the coastal shelf around Australia. The study was based primarily on multibeam sonar observation of the seafloor using a Reson Seabat 8125 240-beam echo sounder. Download report ( PDF file 1.95MB)

Designs for remote sampling: review, discussion, examples of sampling methods and layout and scaling issues. Technical Report 87
The variety of methods available for collecting information about the marine environment leads to rich datasets incorporating measurements and observations at a range of spatial and temporal scales. Precisely how to integrate these diverse datasets covering different spatial extents and with varying support has not been satisfactorily addressed in the marine mapping literature. We review remote sampling methods, standard sampling designs and the general statistical assumptions underlying those designs. Download report ( PDF file 768KB)

Organisational change for participatory science research: the Coastal CRC 1999-2006. Technical Report 88
Coastal research has implications for all those involved in coastal decisionmaking. In 1999 the Coastal CRC began its research program espousing ścitizen science∆: the involvement of citizens in the science it was undertaking. But the researchers were drawn from a range of conventional science research organisations. Could the CRC instil the ethos of stakeholder engagement in its research? This study examines stakeholder engagement in the first year of the CRC and again at the research completed in 2006, primarily from the perspective of 36 CRC researchers surveyed. Download report ( PDF file 887KB)

The partnership approach: A report on industry and community collaboration. Technical Report 89
In this report, we offer readers a detailed description of the partnership approach that we developed to encourage community and industry collaboration for sustainable development in Australia. Our research consists of the Swiss case study, an extensive literature review, and interviews and focus groups with participants in Queensland. The research findings are positive. Download report ( PDF file 495KB)

Port Curtis hydrodynamic model evaluation. Technical Report 90
This report describes the evaluation of a numerical hydrodynamic model established previously in 2003 to describe the circulation and transport of conservative tracers (e.g. heat and salt) within the waters of Port Curtis, the estuary adjoining Gladstone, Queensland. Download report ( PDF file 2.65MB)

Regulatory arrangements for the management of diffuse coastal marine pollution in Australia. Technical Report 91
Diffuse coastal pollution is a major concern to governments and management authorities not only throughout Australia, but also globally. These effects on the coastal environments are widespread causing significant impacts within the Australian coastal zone. This report outlines the problems associated with diffuse land-based marine pollution and Australia and its States∆ obligations to protect the coastal zone ecosystems. Download report ( PDF file 1.67MB)

Benthic habitat function: Understanding benthic community metabolism using dynamic system models. Technical Report 92
This project utilised a case study area on the Eastern Banks of Moreton Bay to compare the nutrient dynamics and community metabolism of different habitat types with their classification based on their plant community composition. The site selection and classification utilised existing maps and information from the Queensland Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (DPIF), and the remote sensing validation work conducted by Phinn and group (Phinn and Dekker, 2004). Download report ( PDF file 781KB)

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