Sediment trapping and stabilisation
||Due to their filtering ability, water often tends to leave estuarine
wetlands clearer, with less suspended sediment. However, large floods may temporarily
reverse this situation (Wolanski, 1995; Furukawa et al, 1997)
||Surface water flow from land brings suspended sediment into
estuarine wetlands (Wolanski, 1995; Furukawa et al, 1997)
||Sediment from rivers and the sea is mixed in estuaries (Noble et al, 2005)
||Intertidal vegetation creates eddies and slows down water
flow (Furukawa et al, 1997)
||Tidal currents, waves and biological activity can ause sediment resuspension
(Noble et al, 2005)
||Surface water flow leaves the intertidal salt flat, salt marsh
and mangrove zone after depositing some of its remaining sediment load (Wolanski,
1995; Furukawa, et al, 1997)
||Incoming tides bring suspended sediment into intertidal areas (Furukawa and
Wolanski, 1996; Noble et al, 2005)
||Slower flowing water deposits sediment (Furukawa et al, 1997)
||Outflowing tides with lower tidal energy carry a reduced amount of sediment
to sub-tidal areas, partly due to sediment trapping by intertidal vegetation (Mazda,
1995; Furukawa and Wolanski, 1996; Noble et al, 2005)
||Roots, rhizomes and algal mats bind and hold sediment (Wolanski, 1995; Miller
et al, 1996; Butler and Jernakoff, 1999)
- Butler, A. & Jernakoff, P. 1999, Seagrass in Australia: Strategic Review and
Development of an R&D Plan, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
- Furukawa, K., Wolanski, E., Mueller, H., 1997, Currents and sediment transport
in mangrove forests, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Vol. 44, no. 3, pp.
- Furukawa, K., Wolanski, E., 1996, Sedimentation in Mangrove Forests, Mangroves
and Salt Marshes, Volume 1(1) p3 - 10.
- Mazda, Y., Kanazawa, N., Wolanski, E., 1995, Tidal asymmetry in mangrove creeks,
Hydrobiologia, Volume 295 (1-3) Pages 51 - 58.
- Miller, D. C., Geider, R.J., MacIntyre, H.L., 1996, Microphytobenthos: The
Ecological Role of the "Secret Garden" of Unvegetated, Shallow-Water Marine Habitats.
II. Role in Sediment Stability and Shallow-Water Food Webs, Estuaries, Vol. 19,
No. 2, Part A: Selected Papers from the First Annual Marine and Estuarine Shallow
Water Science and Management Conference (Jun., 1996), pp. 202-212.
- Noble, B., Bell, A., Verwey, P., Tilden, J., Fitzroy in focus: Coastal science
for the Fitzroy region, Coastal CRC, Brisbane.
- Lynch, J.C., Meriwether, J.R., McKee, B.A., Vera-Herrara, F., Twilley, R.R.,
1989, Recent accretion in mangrove ecosystems based on 137Cs and 210Pb, Estuaries
- Wolanski, E. Mazda, Y. and Ridd, P. 1992, Mangrove Hydrodynamics, Mangrove
tropical ecosystems: coastal and estuarine studies, Ed. By A.I. Robertson and
D.M. Alongi, p 43-62, American Geophysical Union, Washington D.C.
- Wolanski, E. 1995 Sediment transport in mangrove swamps, Hydrobiologia, Volume
295 (1-3) 51 - 58.