How to cite OzCoasts sources of information


Information from OzCoasts must be acknowledged responsibly whenever it is used. Citing, or referencing, is important for:

  • acknowledging the ideas, words or data of others
  • enabling others to find and use the original information.

The following examples illustrate how to cite the most common sources of OzCoasts information using the author-date system. More detailed advice can be found in the Style manual for authors, editors and printers (2002) or similar works. This system uses in-text references and a reference list or bibliography at the end of the work giving additional details to help the reader locate sources. Universities, educational institutions, corporations and other users of our information may have their own guidelines for citing resources. This document does not intend to supersede those requirements, rather to act as a suggested guide, indicating elements that should be included when citing our sources.

Material available in different formats may need to be cited differently, however, some elements will remain consistent.

Examples for Geoscience Australia products

Examples - Physical Sources

Any web resources cited must include their complete URLs as well as the dates they were viewed since, unlike printed materials, the contents of websites can change over time. It is easiest to cut and paste URLs directly from your browser into a citation.


OzCoasts (Geoscience Australia) 2009. Beach erosion (webpage). Viewed 9 July 2009.


Style manual for authors, editors and printers 2002, 6th ed., rev. by Snooks & Co, John Wiley & Sons, Milton, Qld.

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